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« » January 2015

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» 1
655: Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria., 1995: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris, 1965: Vietnam War: Battle of the Ia Drang begins - the first major engagement between regular American and North Vietnamese forces, 1951: The Battle of Uijongbu, Korea, 1945: Auschwitz, 1944: Melfa river: Royal Westminster Regiment, 1942: Representatives of 26 Allied Nations sign Declaration of the United Nations, 1941: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U 81., 1941: Joseph Grew, the United States ambassador to Japan, cables the State Department that Japan has plans to launch an attack against Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 1941: Japan and Thailand sign a treaty of alliance, 1940: Holocaust: In occupied Poland, German Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world., 1940: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece., 1916: First Battle of the Somme ends - In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle which started on July 1, 1916., 1916: Canada Increases her overseas force to 500,000, 1915: Institution of the Military Cross announced, 1907: The Royal Canadian Army Pay Corps is authorized, 1887: Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India, 1825: In St. Petersburg, the Decembrist Revolt begins, 1796: Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Arcole - French forces defeat the Austrians in Italy.
2
1951: SEOUL, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 4 Jan 51)
3
1944: MONTE MAJO, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 8 Jan 44)
» 4 - Week 2
1916: In Britain, Lord Derby reports that over one-half of five million eligible men had offered themselves for enlistment. The remainter, including 650,000 single, unattested men justified the application of compulsion.
5
1944: Koniev launches offensive in southern Ukrane, 1915: The French blow up half-a-mile of German trenches
6
1558: Calais surrendered to the French
7
1916: Embarkation of French and British troops at Seddul-Bahr (Gallipoli) begins, after repulse of turkish attack, 1588: Calais captured by the English
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1940: Butter, bacon, sugar and meat rationed in Britain, 1916: Evacuation of Gallipoli complete, 1815: Battle of New Orleans
9
1950: A North Star aircraft of No. 412 Squadron continues the first Royal Canadian Air Force round-the-world flight (02-31 Jan)., 1945: HMCS Ehkoli, a former Royal Canadian Navy patrol boat, is recommissioned in the RCN as a survey vessel, 1916: Complete evacuation of the Gallipoli peninsula announced, 1838: A Patriot attack against Amhertsburg, Ont. is defeated by Canadian militiamen.
10
1946: First UN General Assembly held in London, 1862: The Victoria Rifles of Canada are organized, during a period of Anglo-American tension during the American Civil War, as the '3rd Battalion, Volunteer Militia Rifles', 1308: The Templars created in England
» 11 - Week 3
1957: HMCS Magnificent arrives in Port Said with the main body of the Canadian contribution in troops and materiel to the United Nations Emergency Force controlling the Israeli-Egyptian border., 1942: Soviet troops reopn narrow supply corridor to beseiged Leningrad, 1902: Canadian Field Hospital concentrates at Halifax in preparation for departure to South Africa.
12
1943: HMCS Ville de Quebec sinks the German submarine U-224 in the western Mediterranean Sea, 1916: An Order-in-Council authorizes an increase of troops to 500,000 in the First World War, 1915: German use of poison shells reported from Paris
13
1942: U-Boat offensive along US East coast begins, 1940: Belgium and Netherlands order "state of readiness" in expectation of German invasion, 1896: The Honourable Alphonse Desjardins is appointed Minister of Militia and Defence, 1871: Le Regiment de Joliette is organized as 'The Joliette Provisional Battalion of Infantry', 1842: The British Army suffered its worst disaster in the nineteenth century with the retreat from Kabul during the First Afghan War, which reached its bloody climax on 13 January. The retreat started from Kabul on 6 January, 4,500 British and Indian troops, with 12,000 camp followers setting out for Jalalabad under Major General Elphinstone. Harassed the whole way, with horrendous losses, the last survivors, mainly from the British 44th Foot, made a last stand at Gandamak near Jagdalak Pass. Only one man escaped the carnage, Dr William Brydon, the sole survivor of a small cavalry force that attempted to break out.  He reached the safety of Jalalabad on his badly wounded pony, which died as it reached the gate - the inspiration for Lady Butler's famous painting "The Remnants of an Army".
14
1952: HMCS Uganda is renamed Quebec, 1950: A North Star aircraft from the Experimental and Proving Establishment, based in Rockcliffe, Ontario, completes the first non-stop trans-Canada flight, 1943: Casablanca conference begins, Churchill and Roosevelt agree to prepare for invasion of France and meanwhile (once North Africa is conquered) to invade Sicily
15
1945: Nos.1 and 3 Training Commands, Royal Canadian Air Force, are disbanded and replaced by No.1 Air Command with headquarters at Trenton, Ontario
16
1945: THE ROER, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 31 Jan 45), 1906: British troops are withdrawn from the fortress at Halifax as it is transferred to Canada, 1880: The North Saskatchewan Regiment: Cede Nullis (Yeild to none), 1880: The Honourable Sir Alexander Campbell is appointed Minister of Militia and Defence, 1863: The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment: Nunquam Cede (Never yeild)
17
1957: HMCS Bonaventure is commissioned at Belfast, Northern Ireland. She is the first aircraft carrier to be owned outright by Canada and incorporates several post-war technical developments: an angled deck, mirror landing aid, and steam catapult, 1944: First attack toward Cassino (Italy)
» 18 - Week 4
1943: The seige of Leningrad raised, 1915: Canadian Expeditionary Force infantry battalions are each converted from eight companies to four double companies
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1954: Britain approves the adoption of the Belgian FN 30 rifle
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1915: The selection process is completed to choose which units and personnel of the First Contingent will form the 1st Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force
21
1954: The US Submarine Nautilus, the first atomic powered ship, is launched
22
1944: ANZIO, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 22 May 44), 1901: Death of Queen Victoria, 1879: Six companies of the 24th Regiment are annihilated at Isandhlwana, following this defeat British Regiments no longer carry colours in the field. 8 VCs and 9 DCMs won at Rorke's Drift
23
1948: The Royal Canadian Air Force takes delivery of its first De Havilland Vampire jet fighter (destined for No. 410 Squadron), 1945: The Attack on Montforterbeek. (45 Cdo RM), 1943: Tripoli taken by Eigth Army, 1941: Oberleutant Franz von Warrna escapes from a train near Smiths Falls, ON and returns to Europe: he is believed to be the only Axis prisoner of war from Canada to make it back across the Atlantic.
24
1946: HMCS Warrior, the Royal Canadian Navy's first aircraft carrier, is commissioned and Nos.803, 825, 826 and 883 Squadrons (already manned by Canadians) are transferred from the Royal Navy, 1932: HMC Ships Skeena and Vancouver land armed parties at Acajutla, El Salvador, to protect British subjects threatened in a revolution, 1712: Frederick the Great of Prussia born
» 25 - Week 5
1900: Militia Order No. 20 gives nursing sisters the rank and pay allowance of Lieutenants.
26
1939: Franco's troops take Barcelona
27
2004: Death of Cpl Jamie Murphy Afghanistan, 1973: Canadian Forces aircraft airlift 115 Canadian personnel to South Vietnam for peacekeeping duties, 1944: Russians declare end of seige of Leningrad, 1943: First USAAF attack on Germany - daylight bombing of Wilhelmshaven
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1932: Japanese planes bomb Shanghai, 1918: John McRae author of the poem "In Flanders Field" dies of pneumonia near Boulogne, France., 1871: Paris surrendered to the Germans
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1856: The Victoria Cross instituted, 1635: The Academie Francaise formally established
30
1991: At the Battle of Babiyan a CF-18 Hornet attacks and causes irreparable damage to an Iraqi warship. It was the only CF-18 credited with an official victory during the Gulf War., 1933: Hitler appointed Chancellor, 1915: The Canadian Cavalry Brigade, under the Command of Brigadier J.E.B. Seely, is formed from the Royal Canadian Dragoons, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), 2nd King Edward's Horse and Royal Canadian Horse Artillery Brigade, 1855: Royal Marines granted the title "Light Infantry"
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1945: The Battle of Kangaw - 42 Cdo RM, 1919: The Minister of Militia and Defence approves of Major-General Otter\'s Committee recommendations for the reorganization of the Militia of Canada, 1862: The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada: Nemu me Impune Lacessit (No one provokes me with impunity), 1862: The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada is organized as the 5th Battalion, Volunteer Militia Rifles, Canada